!! Vat Savitri Vrat !!
!! Om bhūr bhuvah svah, tat savitur varenyam,
bhargo devasya dhīmahi, dhiyo yo nah pracodayāt !!
Vat savitri vrat is an auspicious day when married women observe fast and pray for the health and longevity of their husbands. The vrat is named after banyan tree (vat vriksha) and Savitri who brought back her husband from the clutches of Yamraja, the God of death.
Banyan tree (vat vriksha) symbolically represents the trinity - Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh. The root of the tree is considered Brahma, the stem, Vishnu, and the upper part, Mahesh. On the puja day, banyan tree also symbolically represents Savitri as mentioned in Mahabharata.
The festival is celebrated thorough out India. However, it is more popular in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, and Orissa. In southern states, especially in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, it is called Karadaiyan Nonbu.
Married women observe fast to assert their devotion to their husbands and to maintain the sanctity and well-being of their marriage. The festival has great social significance.
As a married lady, you should observe it to pray for the long and healthy life of your husband with whom you can lead a happy, peaceful, and successful married life. A long and healthy association with your husband will help you to discharge your personal, familial, and social responsibilities with ease.
It is observed for three days (two days before purnima or amavasi) in the month of Jyeshtha (May-June).